Colonel Holcroft Blood's Ordnance

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Organisation of the Ordnance

The Ordnance was to all intents and purposes the technical side of the army, and was based at the Tower of London. It was Henry IV who appointed the first Master of the Ordnance in 1414. A Master Gunner was appointed at the Tower by Henry VII, and in 1603 the post of Master General of the Ordnance was created. The Ordnance encompassed a great number of facets beyond the guns that formed the Trayne of Artillery. The Tower provided a base for the master gunners, engineers and other specialists. When a campaign began a Trayne was set up from scratch with civilian drivers and tradesmen being hired, and soldiers being made available to assist the gunners. Although the Royal Regiment of Fusiliers was raised in 1685 to accompany the Trayne, this state of affairs continued until the Jacobite Rebellion of 1715, when it took so long to put a Trayne together that the rebellion was over by the time it was ready. As a result in 1716 two permanent companies were formed, these combined in 1722 with two other traynes that were then in existence, one in Gibralter and the other on Minorca, to create the Royal Artillery. In 1719 the Engineers were put on a more permanent footing with the creation of the Royal Engineers, and in 1791 the mapmaking part became a separate entity with the creation of the Ordnance Survey.

A general idea of the breath of the Ordnance may be gathered from the groupings below of the varying people who formed a part of it, the numbers involved varying over time
Headquarters
Company of Bridgement
Artillery
Miners
Mortar Detachment
Other Artisans & craftsmen
Pioneers
Stores and Transport

Headquarters
This grouping contains those people who in modern parlance would be deemed to provide a headquarters company.

Engineering Officers
Controller and his clerks
Battery Master and his assistant
Adjutant
Quartermaster
Chaplain
Paymaster and his assistant
Auditor
Master Surgeon and his assistant
Provost Marshall and his assistant
Kettle Drummer and his driver

Artillery
Captain Lieutenant
Gentlemen of the Ordnance
Master Gunner and his mates
Corporals
Gunners
Matrosses

Mortar Detachment
Petardier
Fire Masters
Fireworkers
Bombardiers

Pioneers
Sergeant
Corporals
Pioneers

Company of Bridgement
Captain of Boats and his assistant
Corporals
Privates

Miners
Sergeant
Miners

Other Artisans & craftsmen
Carpenters
Coopers
Farriers
Blacksmiths
Wheelwrights
Collar maker
Tent keeper

Stores and Transport
Commissary of Stores and his clerk
Conductors of Stores
Conductors of Woolpacks
Purveyor and his assistant
Waggon Master and his mate
Conductors of Horses
Commissary of Draught Horses and his mate
Drivers
Carters